This part of Europe is strongly subdivided culturally and linguistically. Many linguistic families meet in the region, including the Slavic, Romance, Hellenic, Albanian and Turkic language families. The main religions are Catholic and Orthodox Christianity as well as Islam.
The time zones are situated as follows:
- Territories in the time zone of UTC+01:00: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia
- Territories in the time zone of UTC+02:00: Bulgaria, Greece, Romania and Turkey